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ADH Data Resource
The Africa Data Hub Inflation Observer is created to help journalists, researchers and civil society organisations access up to date information about consumer price inflation (CPI) indicators in their country.
The African Inflation Explorer uses historical data sourced from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which is supplemented by monthly statistical releases from central banks or national statistics offices from individual countries. The full source list is available here.
There are two reasons that a number in the Inflation Explorer may not match local news reports.
The indicators we show include the all items headline rate of inflation, as well as a breakdown by standard classification of individual consumption by purpose (COICOP) indicators for specific types of goods and services.
See our series of articles on the subject:
The core historical data comes from the IMF, collates monthly data from national statistical agencies relating to month-on-month and year-on–year changes in both headline numbers and COICOP categories, which reflect specific areas such as housing, transport and food prices. This database is available here.
Countries are not obliged to report to the IMF monthly, and as a result only a few have a complete record in the parent database. Africa Data Hub enriches this data by capturing up-to-date data directly from national statistical authorities or central banks in this list.
As far as we are aware, this dataset now uses the most up-to-date information from every country, although we are discovering new and more regularly updated sources of data all the time. Please get in touch if you believe that we are missing important data that you are aware of.
Please also note that 2022 data for Malawi has been deliberately excluded, due to a rebase that took place in December 2021 which makes this year's data hard to compared on an annual basis. Please use this page for more information.
The full dataset, along with a complete list of authorities that publish inflation data in Africa, is available in the ADH repository here. If you are aware of any errors or wish to contact ADH regarding this dataset, please use this email address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can, but you will need to credit the IMF and Africa Data Hub as the source.